Tuesday, January 11, 2011

Naptha and Benzene Health Risks

NAPHTHAS: In a large epidemiological study on over 15,000 employees at several

petroleum refineries and amongst residents located near these refineries, no

increased ricks of kidney cancer was observed in association with gasoline

exposures (a similar material). In another similar study, no increased risk of kidney

cancers among service station employees, especially after a 30-year latency period.

BENZENE: Studies of Workers Overexposed to Benzene: Studies of workers

exposed to benzene show clear evidence that overexposure can cause cancer and

other diseases of the blood forming organs including Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

(AML), and Aplastic Anemia (AA), an often fatal disease. Some studies suggest

overexposure to benzene may also be associated with Myelodysplastic Syndrome

(MDS). Findings from a Case-Control study of workers exposed to benzene was

reported during the 2009 Benzene Symposium in Munich included an increase in

Acute Myeloid Leukemias and Non-Hodgkins Lymphoid Neoplasms (NHLN) of the

subtype follicular lymphoma (FL) in some occupational categories. Some studies of

workers exposed to benzene have shown an association with increased rates of

chromosome aberrations in circulating lymphocytes. One study of women workers

exposed to benzene suggested a weak association with irregular menstruation.

However, other studies of workers exposed to benzene have not demonstrated clear

evidence of an effect on fertility or reproductive outcome in humans. Benzene can

cross the placenta and affect the developing fetus. Cases of AA have been reported

in the offspring of persons severely overexposed to benzene. Studies in laboratory

animals indicate that prolonged, repeated exposure to high levels of benzene vapor

can cause bone marrow suppression and cancer in multiple organ systems. Studies

in laboratory animals show evidence of adverse effects on male reproductive organs

following high levels of exposure but no significant effects on reproduction have been

observed. Embryotoxicity has been reported in studies of laboratory animals but

effects were limited to reduced fetal weight and minor skeletal variations. Benzene

has been classified as a proven human carcinogen by OSHA and a Group 1

(Carcinogenic to Humans) material by IARC.

The current proposed IARC classification for benzene is summarized as follows:

Sufficient evidence for Acute Myeloid Leukemia; limited evidence for Acute

Lymphatic Leukemia, Chronic Lymphatic Leukemia, Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, and

Multiple Myeloma.

Central nervous system, heart, eyes, skin, liver, kidney, blood bone marrow, and numerous additional unknown effects.


No comments:

Post a Comment

WTFrack.org is a medium for concerned citizens to express their opinions in regards to 'Fracking.' We are Representatives of Democracy. We are Fractivists. We are you.